СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ПАТОГЕНЕТИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ГЕСТАЦИОННОГО САХАРНОГО ДИАБЕТА


Андреева М.В., Заболотнева К.О., Тугай Е.А.

Аннотация


С позиции современного акушерства гестационный сахарный диабет рассматривается как эпидемия 21 века. Лекция посвящена стуктуризации знаний о факторах риска, патогенезе и отдаленных последствиях для матери и ребенка. Показана роль β-клеточной дисфункции поджелудочной железы, хронической резистентности к инсулину, микробиома кишечника в развитии гестационного сахарного диабета. Общепринятыми терапевтическими мероприятиями при ведении беременных с гестационным сахарным диабетом являются изменение образа жизни и питания, инсулинотерапия при отсутствии эффекта от вышеперечисленных методов. Целью лекции является систематизация имеющихся знаний о гестационном сахарном диабете, что, возможно, позволит разработать эффективные меры по его профилактике и терапии.


Ключевые слова


гестационный сахарный диабет; факторы риска; патофизиология; акушерские осложнения; перинатальные осложнения

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Литература


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